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Impacts, Risks, and Adaptation in the United States: Fourth National Climate Assessment, Volume II 2018 Northeast

Posted by Administrator (icsusa) on Jan 09 2019
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Link to NCA2018 Website nca2018.globalchange.gov/chapter/18/

Link to NCA2018 Report 2018_NCA4_Ch18_Northeast_Full.pdf



Changing Seasons Affect Rural Ecosystems, Environments, and Economies
The seasonality of the Northeast is central to the region’s sense of place and is an important driver of rural economies. Less distinct seasons with milder winter and earlier spring conditions are already altering ecosystems and environments in ways that adversely impact tourism, farming, and forestry. The region’s rural industries and livelihoods are at risk from further changes to forests, wildlife, snowpack, and streamflow.
Key Message 2
Changing Coastal and Ocean Habitats, Ecosystems Services, and Livelihoods
The Northeast’s coast and ocean support commerce, tourism, and recreation that are important to the region’s economy and way of life. Warmer ocean temperatures, sea level rise, and ocean acidification threaten these services. The adaptive capacity of marine ecosystems and coastal communities will influence ecological and socioeconomic outcomes as climate risks increase. 
Key Message 3
Maintaining Urban Areas and Communities and Their Interconnectedness
The Northeast’s urban centers and their interconnections are regional and national hubs for cultural and economic activity. Major negative impacts on critical infrastructure, urban economies, and nationally significant historic sites are already occurring and will become more common with a changing climate.
Key Message 4
Threats to Human Health Changing climate threatens the health and well-being of people in the Northeast through more extreme weather, warmer temperatures, degradation of air and water quality, and sea level rise. These environmental changes are expected to lead to healthrelated impacts and costs, including additional deaths, emergency room visits and hospitalizations, and a lower quality of life. Health impacts are expected to vary by location, age, current health, and other characteristics of individuals and communities.
Key Message 5
Adaptation to Climate Change Is Underway
Communities in the Northeast are proactively planning and implementing actions to reduce risks posed by climate change. Using decision support tools to develop and apply adaptation strategies informs both the value of adopting solutions and the remaining challenges. Experience since the last assessment provides a foundation to advance future adaptation efforts.


Last changed: Jan 09 2019 at 9:48 AM